Video Labs: Chapter #5-Memory

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Information Processing Model: Sensory, Working, and Long-Term Memory

The most widely accepted model of memory, the information processing model, says that there are three different memory storage systems: sensory memory, short term memory (STM), and long term memory (LTM). Sensory memory stores sensory information for a very short period of time (measured in seconds). Short term memory (also called working memory) is where you store information for several minutes. For example, if you looked up the number of a local pizza shop to order a pizza, you would hold the number in short term memory. Finally, long term memory is where you put information you want to keep for a long time (measured in years sometimes). So, for example, if you planned to call the pizza shop again and again, you would move the number into long term memory. This video reviews these three memory storage systems. Run Time: 7:33

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Memory Reconstruction, Source Monitoring, and Emotional Memories

Although most people think that memory works much like the video recorder on their cell phones (i.e., memory is an exact recording of what you experience), psychologists know that memory does not work like this at all. Instead, memory involves a reconstructive process where you retrieve details of information and then reconstruct a description of that information. This video reviews this reconstruction process. Run Time: 4:46

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Encoding Strategies

Sometimes it is important that we remember information as accurately as possible. When this happens, you can use mnemonic devices to help you. Mnemonic devices help us to organize or add meaning to information we have to remember. Examples include narrative chaining and the key word method. This video describes some strategies that can help you remember information that psychologists have studied. Run Time: 8:38

Other Video Resources - Crash Course Psychology

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